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激光熔覆FeCoCrxNiB高熵合金涂层的组织结构与耐磨性
黄标, 张冲, 程虎, 唐群华, 饶湖常, 戴品强1,2,3
1. 福州大学 材料科学与工程学院, 福州 350108;2. 福建工程学院 材料科学与工程学院, 福州 350108;3. 台州学院 机械工程学院, 浙江 台州 318000
摘要:
为探究Cr元素对高熵合金涂层组织结构和性能的影响,在45钢基体上用激光熔覆方法制备了FeCoCrxNiB高熵合金涂层,采用X射线衍射仪(XRD)、扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、显微硬度和耐磨测试等方法研究了Cr含量对FeCoCrxNiB激光熔覆高熵合金涂层组织结构、硬度和耐磨性能的影响。结果表明:熔覆态高熵合金的组织均由先共晶M2B相和共晶组织(面心立方结构相(FCC)+M2B相)组成。随着Cr含量的增加,共晶组织含量增多,M2B相减少,先共晶硼化物形态呈现不规则颗粒状到树枝状再到条块状的变化,共晶组织形貌由蜂窝状向片层状转变。涂层平均硬度随着Cr含量增加逐渐降低,FeCoCr0.5NiB涂层平均硬度最高为860 HV0.2。涂层的耐磨性能与硬度呈正相关关系,即FeCoCr0.5NiB涂层耐磨性最高,FeCoCr3NiB涂层耐磨性最低。
关键词:  激光熔覆  高熵合金  硬度  耐磨性
DOI:10.11933/j.issn.1007-9289.2014.06.009
分类号:
基金项目:
Microstructure and Wear Resistance of FeCoCrxNiB Highentropy Alloy Coatings Prepared by Laser Cladding
HUANG Biao, ZHANG Chong, CHENG Hu, TANG Qunhua, RAO Huchang, DAI Pinqiang1,2,3
1. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108;2. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Fujian University of Technology, Fuzhou 350108;3. School of Mechanical Engineering, Taizhou University, Taizhou 318000, Zhejiang
Abstract:
In order to explore the effects of chromium on the microstructure and properties of highentropy alloy coatings, the FeCoCrxNiB highentropy alloy coatings were prepared on 45 steel substrate by laser cladding. The effects of chromium addition on microstructure, hardness and wear resistance of the FeCoCrxNiB highentropy alloy coatings were investigated with Xray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), microhardness and wear testers. The results show that the microstructure of the ascladding alloys is composed of proeutectic M2B phase, and eutectic of facecentered cubic (FCC) phase and M2B phase. With the increase of the chromium, volume fraction of eutectic increases, while that of the M2B phase decreases, the morphology of proeutectic boride first changes from irregular granula to dendrite, which finally becomes strip shape, and the cellular pattern of eutectic develops into lamellar correspondingly. The average hardness of the coating decreases with the increasing of the Cr addition, and the FeCoCr0.5NiB alloy possesses high average hardness, up to 860 HV0.2. The wear resistance of coatings is proportional to their hardness, suggestings that among all coatings the FeCoCr0.5NiB coating exhibits excellent antiwear capability, and the FeCoCr3NiB coating shows the lowest wear resistance.
Key words:  laser cladding  highentropy alloy  hardness  wear resistance